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Western Orthopaedics

The Purpose of an Orthopedic Surgeon

Often no matter how much you can prepare, sometimes sports injuries are unavoidable.

As summer hits and outdoor activities begin, remember to take some measures to ensure that you don’t over-do your fun in the sun.


Here are some tips to prevent sports injuries:

  1. Know your limits: As well as taking a break when you are injured you should also know when you are pushed your limits.  As your body ages, you are more prone to sports injuries. Always listen to your body and consult with your fitness instructor. Pushing it too hard can be the difference between peaking and risking an injury.
  2. Remember to stretch: stretching is the most important warmup for your joints and muscles before an intensive workout. Do not rush your stretching as this is the key for preventing sports injuries.
  3. Seek treatment: It may be easy to self-diagnose and treat on your own. However, it’s important that if you have a sports injury, the best thing you can do is allow yourself time to completely recover. Meeting with an orthopedic surgeon will help determine how long you need to rest and what your rehabilitation will look like.
  4. Wear protective gear: With any sport that you undertake, ensure that you are wearing the best protective gear. Be sure that your safety equipment fits properly and is in good condition.
  5. Drink up: Drinking lots of water is important as hydration helps your body perform at its best. Keeping hydrated before and after exercise also decreases the chance of cramps and other internal injuries. Try to drink electrolyte enriched drinks and always keep a water bottle by yourself at all times.
  6. Health diet: Try to stick to a nutritious meal plan full of lean protein and carbohydrates. Maintaining a balanced diet on a consistent basis is important, not just on days you will be participating in your favourite sport. Make sure you include plenty of vegetables, fruits and the right amount of calcium into your diet. These will promote overall health.
  7. Do not exercise with sports injuries. This can have more severe long term effects.
  8. Conditioning and strength training: No matter what sport is your favourite, you can benefit from strength training exercises to enhance performance and prevent sports injuries. Always consult with a certified trainer or coach about which conditioning exercises are best for you.

sports injuries

If you happen to suffer from an injury this Summer, and if your GP suggests you visit an orthopedic surgeon. Don’t hesitate to book a consultation with Dr Sunner (02) 4731 8466.

Sports Injuries

Sports Injuries Overview

Sports injuries occur when playing indoor or outdoor sports or while exercising. Sports injuries can result from accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching or warm-up exercises. The most common sports injuries are sprains and strains, fractures, and dislocations.

Fractures of the femur bone, labral tear and hip dislocation are some of the common sports injuries affecting the hip. Hip joint bears more weight and is more susceptible for injuries while playing sports. Hip injuries require immediate medical intervention to avoid further complications. Rehabilitation programs and physical therapy is often recommended following the medical intervention where you need to perform certain exercises to strengthen the muscles and improve the movements.

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is major stabilizing ligament in the knee which may tear with over use of knee for playing sports. The ACL has poor ability to heal and may cause instability. Other common sports injuries in knee are cartilage damage and meniscal tear. Knee injuries of sports may require surgical intervention that can be performed using open surgical or minimally invasive technique. Your surgeon will recommend you for physical therapy to strengthen your muscles, improve elasticity and improve the movements of the bones and joints.

Most problems in the shoulder involve the muscles, ligaments, and tendons, rather than the bones. Athletes are very susceptible to shoulder problems. These sports-related shoulder problems can develop slowly through repetitive, intensive training routines. Orthopaedic surgeons group common sports-related shoulder injuries into the following categories; Instability (when one of the shoulder joints is forced out of its normal position), Impingement (caused by excessive rubbing of the shoulder muscles against the top part of the shoulder blade, called the acromion) and Rotator Cuff injuries.

Some of the measures that are followed to prevent sports related injuries include:

  • – Follow an exercise program to strengthen the muscles
  • – Gradually increase your exercise level and avoid overdoing the exercise
  • – Ensure that you wear properly-fitted protective gear such as elbow guards, eye gear, facemasks, mouthguards, and pads, comfortable clothes, and athletic shoes before playing any sports activity which will help to reduce the chances of injury
  • – Make sure that you follow warm up and cool down exercises before and after sports activity. Exercises will help to stretch the muscles, increase flexibility, and reduce soft tissue injuries
  • – Avoid exercising immediately after eating a large meal
  • – Maintain a healthy diet which will nourish the muscles
  • – Avoid playing when you are injured or tired. Take a break for some time after playing
  • – Learn all the rules of the game you are participating in
  • – Ensure that you are physically fit to play the sport
    The most common treatment recommended for injury is rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE).
  • – Rest: Avoid activities that may cause injury
  • – Ice: Ice packs can be applied to the injured area which will help to diminish swelling and pain. Ice should be applied over a towel to the affected area for 15-20 minutes four times a day for several days. Never place ice directly over the skin
  • – Compression: Compression of the injured area helps to reduce swelling. Elastic wraps, air casts, and splints can accomplish this
  • – Elevation: Elevate the injured part above heart level to reduce swelling and pain.

Book a meeting at the Western Sydney and Albury Centres.

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