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Western Orthopaedics

Fractures and Trauma

Orthopaedic Fractures & Trauma Overview

A bone fracture is when there is a break in the continuity of the bone, it may be cracked or completely broken. A bone may become fractured completely or partially from trauma due to a fall, motor vehicle accident or sports activity, while many fractures may be the result of high force impact or stress. Bone fractures may occur as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis. Athletes may experience overuse injuries as well.

Hip Fractures

The hip joint is a “ball and socket” joint. The “ball” is the head of the femur or thigh bone and the “socket” is the cup shaped acetabulum. The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows pain free movement in the joint.


Pelvis Fractures

Pelvic fracture is a condition that arises due to breakage of the pelvis bones. It may damage internal organs, nerves, and blood vessels associated with the pelvic region.

Fractures of the Proximal Tibia

The tibia or shin bone is a major bone of the leg which connects the knee to the ankle. A tibial fracture is a break in the continuity of the shin bone (tibia).


Paediatric Thighbone (Femur) Fracture

The femur or thighbone is the largest and strongest bone in the human body. Paediatric thighbone fractures can occur when someone falls hard on the ground or gets hit during sports. It can also happen during automobile accidents. In a thighbone fracture, the broken bones may be aligned or displaced. The fracture can either be closed (with skin intact) or open (with the bone piercing out through the skin). Suffering from this fracture may involve severe pain, swelling, inability to stand and walk, and a limited range of motion in the hip or knee.


Shinbone Fractures

The tibia or shin bone is a major bone of the leg which connects the knee to the ankle. A tibial fracture is a break in the continuity of the shin bone (tibia).


Thighbone (Femur) Fracture

The femur or thigh bone is the longest and strongest bone in the body, connecting the hip to the knee. A femur fracture is a break in the femur. The distal femur is the lower part of the thigh bone which flares out like an upside-down funnel. It’s lower end is covered by a smooth, slippery articular cartilage that protects and cushions the bone during movement. Fracture of the distal femur may involve the cartilaginous surface of the knee as well and result in arthritis.

Broken Collarbone

The clavicle or the collarbone is the bone that connects your sternum or breastbone to your shoulder. A clavicle fracture, also known as a broken collarbone is a very common sports injury seen in people who are involved in contact sports such as football and martial arts as well as impact sports such as motor racing.


Fracture of the Shoulder Blade (Scapula)

The scapula (shoulder blade) is a flat, triangular bone providing attachment to the muscles of the back, neck, chest and arm. The scapula has a body, neck and spine portion.


Shoulder Trauma

Shoulder injuries most commonly occur in athletes participating in sports such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. These injuries are caused due to over-usage or repetitive motion of the arms.

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