Category: orthopaedic

Posted on / by / in orthopaedic, Information

Ancient Orthopedics


Throughout history, humans have also attempted to repair and correct broken or deformed bones. The term orthopedics was coined in 1741 by Nicolas Andry when he wrote a book on correcting childhood deformities. The front of this book had an image of a bent tree that was supported by a straight pole. This image has become a symbol for the field of modern orthopedics.

Ancient Egypt 

In Ancient Egypt, there is evidence that splints were used to correct broken bones. These were made with bamboo, reed and linen and have been found on mummies and other specimens. A carving in an Ancient Egyptian tomb from 2830BCE gives evidence that a type of crutch was also used during this time. One document, in particular, the Edwin Smith papyrus, which may be the oldest surgical or medical piece of literature details a few orthopedic conditions such as spinal injuries, how to treat fractures and information on dislocations.


Ancient Greece

In Ancient Greece, the musculoskeletal system was researched and discussed in the Coprus Hippocrates (430BCE-330BCE). This text discussed the field of medicine and illness, through essays, research, notes, lectures and case studies. The field of orthopaedics is discussed, such as dislocations, maneuverers for the shoulder, and how to treat fractures.


Bonesetting as a trade can be seen throughout history, until as late as 1858. Bonesetters were those people that would treat fractures and try to reset bones. This practice has often been under a religious discipline with monks and nuns being bonesetters. However, in history, there have been other non-religious, self-taught healers and bonesetters.


A history of orthopedics can be seen in other cultures such as in Japan where it was practised as part of the martial arts disciplines in Judo. Traditional Chinese Medicine has also used splints, manipulation and repositioning to treat fractures and dislocation. Some of these techniques are over 3,000 years old.

Modern-day orthopedics have come a long way since ancient times. The field has been extensively researched in order to treat different bone and musculoskeletal conditions, with new advances and techniques being continually discovered. Orthopedic surgeons use modern technology such as x-ray and other imaging to diagnose conditions and then advanced techniques to perform surgery. Surgery can now be performed using minimal invasive techniques were only small incisions are made.

Orthopedic conditions are something that humans have always attempted to treat, however there is no doubt that modern techniques and technology mean that you would much prefer to have an orthopedic condition now rather than ancient times.

hip replacement
Posted on / by / in Technology, orthopaedic, Surgery

Computer-assisted Robotic Surgery

Across Western Orthopedics’ six clinics, orthopedic surgeon and specialist Dr Pavitar Sunner implements the latest in premier technology when performing Computer-assisted Robotic Surgery. Dr Sunner is able to greatly improve his patient’s surgical outcomes by utilising these advanced methods of surgical execution.

What is Computer-assisted Robotic Surgery?

The process allows a surgeon to simultaneously visualise two or three-dimensional views of a patient’s anatomy on a monitor. This type of surgery provides real-time, intra-operative views of surgical instruments whilst also showing the relative digital positioning of implantable devices.

How Does it Work?

Infrared sensors are fixed to the bone and surgical instruments. These sensors provide 3D data, which is generated into real-time images with the help of appropriate computer software. With assistance from 3D imagery, a surgeon is then able to resurface and cut the bone where needed whilst simultaneously fixing an implant precisely & accurately according to the pre-operative surgical plan.

Source: Minimally Invasive Surgery


Surgeons who use the robotic system find that for many procedures it enhances precision, flexibility and control during the operation and allows them to better see the site, compared with traditional techniques. Using robotic surgery, surgeons can perform delicate and complex procedures that may have been difficult or impossible using other methods. Often, robotic surgery makes minimally invasive surgery possible.

The benefits of minimally invasive surgery include:

• Fewer complications, such as surgical site infection

• Less pain and blood loss

• Quicker recovery

• Smaller, less noticeable scars

robotic surgery

When is it Performed?

It is not always an option for everyone. It is important to talk with your doctor about the benefits and risks of robotic surgery and how it compares with other techniques, such as other types of minimally invasive surgery and conventional open surgery. If you would like to find out more about Computer-assisted Robotic Surgery at Western Orthopedics please contact us today @ (02) 4731 8466 or make an appointment online here.

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